Office of Immigration Litigation

The Office of Immigration Litigation (OIL) was established in the US Department of Justice in 1983. It oversees civil immigration litigation, including affirmative and defensive cases. It is in charge of coordinating national immigration matters before the Federal District Courts and the Circuit Courts of Appeals.

The OIL also works closely with the U.S. Attorney’s Offices on immigration cases and supports and counsels federal agencies dealing with immigrant admission, regulation, and removal. The Office is comprised of two main sections: the Appellate Section and the District Court Section.

The Office of Immigration Litigation is divided into the following subsections:

Appellate Section - Office of Immigration Litigation

  • The Appellate Section has primary responsibility of civil immigration cases before the federal appellate courts. These cases deal with individuals who are subject to removal from the U.S. or who are eligible for benefits, relief, or protection to allow them to stay in the U.S. Appellate Section attorneys write motions and briefs, argue cases, and coordinate with other federal agencies and the Department of Justice to ensure uniform application of immigration laws.

District Court Section - Office of Immigration Litigation

Department of Justice Resources